Installing Ruby on Shared Hosting28 May 2005
The hosting provider for this site is HostingPlex. HostingPlex doesn't support Ruby
out-of-the-box, which is unfortunate because Ruby is gaining momentum and has a lot of mind share with web developers right now. I've made the following modifications to my account in order to run Ruby and I hope you find them useful. Hopefully the steps I tool will translate to other hosting providers and will be useful to others.
Much of this information is a direct result of an excellent article on Wesley Moxam's blog. I am going to initially focus on installing and using Ruby and Rublog, and not necessarily Rails. Although once Ruby is installed and configured, installing and using Rails shouldn't be too hard to do. However, HostingPlex is not well suited to Rails hosting (yet) because some server-side configurations such as mod_ruby and FastCGI are very difficult or impossible to install with a shared-hosting account. Hopefully HostingPlex will change their mind and start supporting Ruby and Rails in the future.
Ruby is not currently installed on the HostingPlex servers, as I assume is the case for the majority of Linux hosting. To install Ruby, you'll need access to the shell for your account. The Unix shell is similar to the Command Prompt on Windows machines. You can access the shell through your CPanel interface by clicking the
SSH/Shell Access link.
We'll start with a simple command to ask Ruby to tell us what version it is.
$ ruby -v
If you don't have Ruby installed you should see a message such as
command not found. If you do have Ruby installed, then you can skip ahead.
To install Ruby we will download and compile Ruby from the source code. We'll install Ruby into a new directory named
local, because we don't have permissions to install Ruby for all users on the server. We will follow this process for the other programs we'll eventually install.
$ cd ~ $ wget ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org/pub/ruby/ruby-1.8.2.tar.gz $ tar zxvf ruby-1.8.2.tar.gz $ cd ruby-1.8.2 $ ./configure --prefix=$HOME/local && make && make install
Our next step is to ask Ruby what version is installed.
$ ruby -v
Did that fail again? Don't worry, this is because we installed Ruby in a non-standard location, and the shell doesn't know to look in the new directory. To make the shell look in that directory, run the following command:
$ export PATH=$HOME/local/bin:$PATH
Now you should be able to ask Ruby for its version without receiving an error message. Of course, it would be a pain to run the preceding
PATH command every time we connected to the server, so we'll create a new file named
.bash_profile. In this file, you should add the now following line:
Now every time you connect to the server through the shell, your account will look in your
local directory for Ruby.
Let's test this! Create a new file in your
public_html directory named
hello.cgi. The file should include the following lines:
#!/home/blowmage/local/bin/ruby # hello.cgi puts "content-type: text/html" puts puts "<html>" puts "<body>" puts "<h1>Hello Ruby!</h1>" puts "</body>" puts "</html>"
The home directory for my account on HostingPlex is
/home/blowmage. You'll want to change the first line of your script from
/home/blowmage to the path to your account's home directory. If you do not, then the script won't know where to find Ruby and the script will fail. If you see a message that displays
Hello Ruby! then you have officially installed Ruby, congratulations.